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The juvenile vs. the adult justice system

On Behalf of | Feb 1, 2022 | Criminal Law |

There are significant differences between the juvenile and adult justice system. Residents of McKinney and other nearby areas of Texas may want to learn about what this difference is as well as the aim of the juvenile courts.

According to The Annie E. Casey Foundation, the juvenile justice system is a collection of state and local courts. These courts make the decision as to when a youth breaks the law. They manage the rehabilitation programs and sanctions.

What is the main difference?

The main difference is that juvenile justice aims to help young people and stop any further delinquent behavior. The distinction is that juvenile justice has the goal of turning these people into adults who abide by the law.

In fact, in juvenile justice, punishment is not a legitimate purpose, as it is with the adult court system. For the most part, punishment and jail are the goals of adult justice.

Avoid future delinquency

There is also protection for the name of the youth. Confidentiality is of utmost importance in juvenile law. Court-involved youth are traditionally protected.

Services may include probation, residential custody and rehabilitation programs. Stopping further delinquent behavior is the goal.

What are the stages of juvenile justice?

The following are the nine stages for the juvenile justice system:

  1. Delin­quent behav­ior
  2. Refer­ral
  3. Intake/​diversion
  4. Transfer/​waiver
  5. Deten­tion
  6. Adju­di­ca­tion
  7. Dis­po­si­tion
  8. Juve­nile cor­rec­tions
  9. Aftercare

A juvenile has the judgment of “delinquent” as opposed to “guilty.” Included are community-based options for rehabilitation as well as a more psychological casework approach.

The main difference between the juvenile justice system and that for adults is that the juvenile system aims to rehabilitate, while the adult system aims to punish.